Antoine Henri Becquerel Antoine Henri Becquerel (* 15. Henri then concerned himself with infrared radiation, examining, among other things, the spectra of different phosphorescent crystals under infrared stimulation. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903, which he shared with physicists Pierre and Marie Curie. When Ernest Rutherford and Frederick Soddy found similar decay and regeneration in thorium X and thorium, they were led to the transformation theory of radioactivity, which explained the phenomenon as a subatomic chemical change in which one element spontaneously transmutes into another. I hope that the experiments which I am pursuing at the moment will be able to bring some clarification to this new class of phenomena. Antoine Henri Becquerel (Pariz, 15. prosinca 1852. Paul Becquerel était le fils de l'agriculteur André Paul Becquerel (1856-1904) et le neveu du physicien Henri Becquerel (1852-1908), découvreur de la radioactivité naturelle. Antoine Henri Becquerel (født 15. december 1852 i Paris, død 25. august 1908 i Le Croisic) var en fransk fysiker, der i 1903 delte Nobelprisen i fysik med Pierre og Marie Curie for sit studie om radioaktivitet. He was the son of a professor of applied physics, Alexander Instead the silhouettes appeared with great intensity ... One hypothesis which presents itself to the mind naturally enough would be to suppose that these rays, whose effects have a great similarity to the effects produced by the rays studied by M. Lenard and M. Röntgen, are invisible rays emitted by phosphorescence and persisting infinitely longer than the duration of the luminous rays emitted by these bodies.  SI-enheden for måling af radioaktivitet (Becquerel) er opkaldt efter ham. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In early 1896, there was a wave of excitement following Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen's discovery of X-rays on 5 January. Il a remporté le prix Nobel de physique en 1903 avec Pierre et Marie Curie pour cette découverte. Henri Becquerel, in full Antoine-Henri Becquerel, (born December 15, 1852, Paris, France—died August 25, 1908, Le Croisic), French physicist who discovered radioactivity through his investigations of uranium and other substances. – Le Croisic, 25. kolovoza 1908. He won the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with Pierre and Marie Curie, the latter of whom was Becquerel’s graduate student. Becquerel had long been interested in phosphorescence, the emission of light of one color following a body's exposure to light of another color. Henri Becquerel Antoine Henri Becquerel Antoine Becquerel, French physicist BornDecember 15 1852(1852-12-15)Paris, FranceDiedAugust 25 1908 (aged 55)Le. en 1892, après la mort de son père. Becquerel 1903 -ban megosztott fizikai Nobel-díjat kapott Pierre és Marie Curie -vel a radioaktivitás felfedezéséért. francia fizikus. Becquerel learned that the X rays issued from the area of a glass vacuum tube made fluorescent when struck by a beam of cathode rays. Another discovery was the circumstance that the allegedly active substance in uranium, uranium X, lost its radiating ability in time, while the uranium, though inactive when freshly prepared, eventually regained its lost radioactivity. Né le 15 décembre 1852 à Paris, Henri Becquerel était le fils d'Alexandre Edmond et le petit-fils d'Antoine César Becquerel, tous deux physiciens ayant développé l'étude de la phosphorescence au laboratoire de physique du Muséum d'histoire naturelle.Il partageait son temps entre l'enseignement à l'École polytechnique et quelques travaux de recherche sans grand relief.  Henri started off his education by attending the Lycée Louis-le-Grand school, a prep school in Paris. ", As often happens in science, radioactivity came close to being discovered nearly four decades earlier in 1857, when Abel Niépce de Saint-Victor, who was investigating photography under Michel Eugène Chevreul, observed that uranium salts emitted radiation that could darken photographic emulsions. He thus confirmed his view that something very similar to X rays was emitted by this luminescent substance at the same time it threw off visible radiation. Antoine Henri Becquerel, né le 15 décembre 1852 à Paris  et mort le 25 août 1908 au Croisic, est un physicien français.  Ensuite, il étudie les spectres optiques de vapeurs métalliques, enfin l'absorption de la lumièrepar les cristaux, et soutient sa thèse en 1888. École polytechnique, også kjent som l'X, er en fransk teknisk høgskole, som har ligget i Palaiseau utenfor Paris (tidligere i Latinerkvarteret i Paris) siden 1976. It required the extension in 1898 of radioactivity to another known element, thorium (by Gerhard Carl Schmidt and independently by Marie Curie), and the discovery of new radioactive materials, polonium and radium (by Pierre and Marie Curie and their colleague, Gustave Bémont), to awaken the world and Becquerel to the significance of his discovery.  He exposed his experimental arrangement to sunlight for several hours, thereby exciting the crystals in the customary manner. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. At the end of 1895, Wilhelm Röntgen discovered X rays. Damit wuchs auch HENRI BECQUEREL in einer Umgebung auf, in der er schon früh mit naturwissenschaftlichen und speziell mit physikalischen Problemen bekannt wurde. He belonged to a family of distinguished scholars and scientists. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Henri-Becquerel, Vigyan Prasar - Biography of Antoine-Henri Becquerel, Atomic Heritage Foundation - Henri Becquerel, The Nobel Prize - Antoine Henri Becquerel, Henri Becquerel - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). During 1896 Becquerel published seven papers on radioactivity, as Marie Curie later named the phenomenon; in 1897, only two papers; and in 1898, none. Antoine Henri Becquerel (15. desember 1852–25. Becquerel was born in Paris, France on December 15, 1852. own great talent. Il fait ses études au Lycée Louis-le-Grand et a comme professeur le grand mathématicien Gaston DARBOUX.  By 1861, Niepce de Saint-Victor realized that uranium salts produce "a radiation that is invisible to our eyes". En 1892, il succéda à son père à la présidence du Musée d'histoire naturelle, et en 1895, il devint professeur à l'École polytechnique. Paul Becquerel était le fils de l'agriculteur André Paul Becquerel (1856-1904) et le neveu du physicien Henri Becquerel (1852-1908), découvreur de la radioactivité naturelle. On page 50 of volume 2, Edmond noted that Niepce de Saint-Victor had observed that some objects that had been exposed to sunlight could expose photographic plates even in the dark. En décembre 1895, le physicien allemand Wilhelm Röntgen découvre les rayons X, utilisés aujourd’hui dans de nombreuses applications comme l’imagerie médicale. He undertook to investigate whether there was some fundamental connection between this invisible radiation and visible light such that all luminescent materials, however stimulated, would also yield X rays. In 1874, Henri married Lucie Zoé Marie Jamin, who would die while giving birth to their son, Jean. Becquerel was born in Paris, France on December 15, 1852. Découvrez gratuitement l'arbre généalogique de Henri Antoine Becquerel pour tout savoir sur ses origines et son histoire familiale. Antoine Henri Becquerel (15 Aralık 1852 – 25 Ağustos 1908), Fransız fizikçi, radyoaktivitenin kaşiflerinden. Voici quelques liens utiles pour réviser les repères chronologiques et spatiaux : La vie d'Henri Becquerel Élevé au Muséum d'histoire naturelle, sous l'intelligente direction de son père et de son grand-père, Henri Becquerel entre en 1872 à l'École polytechnique ; … Biografie Henri Becquerel werd geboren in Parijs in een familie die helemaal toegewijd was aan het wetenschappelijk onderzoek. Becquerel’s last major achievement concerned the physiological effect of the radiation. But the following week Becquerel learned that his uranium salts continued to eject penetrating radiation even when they were not made to phosphoresce by the ultraviolet in sunlight. Becquerel foi o responsável pelos estudos que levaram à descoberta do fenômeno da radioatividade. Henri Becquerel autograph letters, 1900-1906. Becquerel overtog i 1891 efter faderen Edmond Becquerels død dennes to professorater ved hhv. Antoine Henri Becquerel (ejtsd: antoán anri bekerel) (Párizs, Franciaország, 1852. december 15. To account for this novelty he postulated a long-lived form of invisible phosphorescence; when he shortly traced the activity to uranium metal, he interpreted it as a unique case of metallic phosphorescence.  The Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities awarded him the Helmholtz Medal in 1901. Antoine H Becquerel (1852-1908) was a French scientist renowned for his work and subsequent discovery into the evidence of radioactivity for which he was awarded a Nobel Prize. Niepce de Saint-Victor knew Edmond Becquerel, Henri Becquerel's father. To test this hypothesis, he placed phosphorescent crystals upon a photographic plate that had been wrapped in opaque paper so that only a penetrating radiation could reach the emulsion.  Becquerel has been honored with being the namesake of many different scientific discoveries. Becquerel's earliest works centered on the subject of his doctoral thesis: the plane polarization of light, with the phenomenon of phosphorescence and absorption of light by crystals. Electricity, magnetism, optical phenomena, and energy were major areas of physical investigation during the 19th century. Henri Becquerel Beatha Ainm slàn Antoine Henri Becquerel Breith Paris, 15 dhen Dùbhlachd 1852 Dùthaich An FhraingBàs Le Croisic, 25 dhen Lùnastal 1908 Àite … In 1903 he shared the Nobel Prize for Physics with Pierre and Marie Curie. In 1903 he shared the Nobel Prize for Physics with Pierre and Marie Curie. Becquerel reported this discovery to the Académie des Sciences at its session on February 24, 1896, noting that certain salts of uranium were particularly active. On page 50 of volume 2, Edmond noted that Niepce de Saint-Victor had observed that some objects that had been exposed to sunlight could expose photographic plates even in the dark. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He attended the Lycee Louis-Grand in Paris. ), francuski fizičar, nobelovac i jedan od otkrivača radioaktivnosti. Biographie. Jean Becquerel est né à Parisle 17 février 1878, ancien élève de l'école Polytechnique (promotion 1897), il succède à son père Henri Becquerel à la chaire de physique appliquée du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle. Både far og farfar hans var fysikarar som underviste ved det naturhistoriske museet i Paris. One places on the sheet of paper, on the outside, a slab of the phosphorescent substance, and one exposes the whole to the sun for several hours. Henri Becquerel was a French physicist who investigated uranium and other substances which led to his discovery of radioactivity. He was the son of a professor of applied physics, Alexander Becquerel. Henri devient ingénieur en 1877 mais abandonne l'administra… Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.  Becquerel's other experiments allowed him to research more into radioactivity and figure out different aspects of the magnetic field when radiation is introduced into the magnetic field. In 1894, he became chief engineer in the Department of Bridges and Highways. He was born to Alexander Edmond Becquerel who was a scientist and Aurelie Quenard.He was born into a family of scientists.  In 1890 he married Louise Désirée Lorieux. He began his studies in … This was an index of both his and the scientific world’s interest in the subject, for the period saw studies of numerous radiations (e.g., cathode rays, X rays, Becquerel rays, “discharge rays,” canal rays, radio waves, the visible spectrum, rays from glowworms, fireflies, and other luminescent materials), and Becquerel rays seemed not especially significant.
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